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<Map> Component

React component to render a Google Map. It can be placed as a child into any other component, but it has to be somewhere inside an <APIProvider> container.

The main props to control are the camera parameters – center, zoom, heading and tilt. At least the center and zoom props have to be specified for the map to be shown.

import {APIProvider, Map} from '';

const App = () => (
<APIProvider apiKey={process.env.GOOGLE_MAPS_API_KEY}>
<Map zoom={10} center={{lat: 53.54992, lng: 10.00678}} />

By default, the map will be added to the DOM with width: 100%; height: 100%;, assuming that the parent element will establish a size for the map. If that doesn't work in your case, you can adjust the styling of the map container using the style and className props.

Controlled and Uncontrolled Props

The props controlling the camera parameters for the map (center, zoom, heading and tilt) can all be specified via controlled or uncontrolled values. For example, the center of the map can be specified via either center or defaultCenter. This can even be mixed for the different parameters (for example, only the zoom value is controlled, while others are free).

As is the case with React form elements, the default-values will only be applied when the map is first initialized, while the regular parameters will make sure the map stays synchronized with the value specified.

const UncontrolledMap = () => {
return <Map defaultCenter={{lat: 40.7, lng: -74}} defaultZoom={12}></Map>;

When only controlled props are used, the map will always exactly reflect the values specified for the camera parameters. When interactions occur, the new camera parameters will be published with a cameraChanged event and the application can use them to update the values passed to the props of the map.

import {MapCameraChangedEvent, MapCameraProps} from '';

center: {lat: 40.7, lng: -74},
zoom: 12

const ControlledMap = () => {
const [cameraProps, setCameraProps] =
const handleCameraChange = useCallback((ev: MapCameraChangedEvent) =>

return <Map {...cameraProps} onCameraChanged={handleCameraChange}></Map>;

In addition to this, there is also the externally controlled mode, enabled by the controlled prop. When this mode is active, the map will disable all control inputs and will reject to render anything not specified in the camera props.


The MapProps type extends the google.maps.MapOptions interface and includes all possible options available for a Google Map as props.

The most important of these options are also listed below along with the properties added for the react-library.


When specifying the props, the classes provided by the Google Maps API (like google.maps.LatLng or google.maps.LatLngBounds) cannot be used, since the API will only be available after the initial creation of the React components takes place. Instead, the corresponding literal types (google.maps.LatLngLiteral or google.maps.LatLngBoundsLiteral) have to be used.


The map doesn't have any strictly required props, but center and zoom-level have to be provided in some way for the map to render. This can be done

  • by specifying both the center and zoom props,
  • by specifying both the defaultCenter and defaultZoom props,
  • or by specifying the map-region to be shown with the defaultBounds prop.

General Props

id: string

A string that identifies the map component. This is required when multiple maps are present in the same APIProvider context to be able to access them using the useMap hook.

style: React.CSSProperties

Additional style rules to apply to the map dom-element. By default, this will only contain {width: '100%', height: '100%'}.

className: string

Additional css class-name to apply to the element containing the map. When a classname is specified, the default width and height of the map from the style-prop is no longer applied.

Camera Control

center: google.maps.LatLngLiteral

Coordinates for the center of the map.

zoom: number

The initial resolution at which to display the map. The values range from 0 to 22, the level of detail for different zoom-levels is approximately:

  • 1: Entire World
  • 5: Landmass/continent
  • 10: City
  • 15: Streets
  • 20: Buildings

The Google Maps API Documentation has some more information on this topic.

heading: number

The heading of the map in degrees, measured clockwise from cardinal direction North.

tilt: number

For vector maps, sets the angle of incidence for the map, in degrees from the viewport plane to the map plane. A value of 0

The allowed values are restricted depending on the zoom level of the map:

  • for zoom-levels below 10, the maximum value is 30,
  • for zoom above 15.5, the maximum value is 67.5
  • between 10 and 15.5, it is a piecewise linear interpolation (see here for details)

defaultCenter, defaultZoom, defaultHeading, defaultTilt

The initial state of the camera. This can be used to leave the map component in uncontrolled mode. When both a default-value and a controlled value are present for a parameter, the controlled value takes precedence.

defaultBounds: google.maps.LatLngBoundsLiteral

An alternative way to specify the region that should initially be visible on the map. Has otherwise the same effect as defaultCenter and defaultZoom.

controlled: boolean

This Indicates that the map will be controlled externally. Disables all controls provided by the map itself.


The map component supports all events emitted by the google.maps.Map instance in a React-typical way. Here is an example:

const MapWithEventHandler = props => {
const handleCameraChange = useCallback((ev: MapCameraChangedEvent) => {
console.log('camera changed: ', ev.detail);

return <Map {...props} onCameraChanged={handleCameraChange}></Map>;

See the table below for the full list of props and corresponding prop names.

All event callbacks receive a single argument of type MapEvent with the following properties and methods:

  • event.type: string The Google Maps event type of the event.
  • google.maps.Map The Map instance that dispatched the event.
  • event.stoppable: boolean Indicates if the event can be stopped in the event-handler. This is only the case for the MapMouseEvent type.
  • event.stop(): () => void for stoppable events, this will cause the event to stop being processed. Other event-types also have this method, but it doesn't do anything.
  • event.domEvent: MouseEvent | TouchEvent | PointerEvent | KeyboardEvent | Event For a MapMouseEvent this contains the original DOM event being handled. For other events, this is undefined.

Based on the specific event, there is also additional information in the event.detail property:

  • MapCameraChangedEvent
    • center, zoom, heading, tilt the current camera-parameters of the map
    • bounds: google.maps.LatLngBoundsLiteral the currently visible bounding box
  • MapMouseEvent details contain
    • latLng: google.maps.LatLngLiteral | null the map coordinates of the mouse
    • placeId: string | null when a place marker on the map is clicked, this will contain the placeId of the Google Places API for that place.

Mapping of Google Maps Event names to React props

Google Maps EventReact PropEvent Type
bounds_changedonBoundsChanged and onCameraChangedMapCameraChangedEvent


The Map creates a context value GoogleMapsContext to be used by the hooks and components in this library, containing a reference to the google.maps.Map instance.


Client code should never need to interact with the context directly, always use the corresponding hooks instead. If you feel like you need to directly access the context, please file a bug report about this.


You can use the useMap() hook in other components to get access to the google.maps.Map object rendered in the <Map> component.